I. Переведите письменно следующие предложения с субъектным и объектным инфинитивными оборотами.
- The discovery shows the atomic nucleus to be a vast source of energy.
- This school is considered to be the best in the town.
- These materials were said to be carefully tested in the Institute’s laboratory.
II. Переведите письменно предложения с независимым и зависимым причастными оборотами.
- Having developed speed of 90 km, he got into an automobile accident.
- He works at a plant producing new machinery.
- The goods having been loaded, the dockers left the port.
III. Переведите письменно условные предложения.
- If the scientists found the ways to predict earthquakes, it would be possible to evacuate people from the dangerous regions.
- If you approach the town from the west, you will see a tall stack of chemical works.
- If they had met with such difficulties before, they would have known what to do now.
IV. Перепишите и переведите письменно текст.
THE CONQUEST OF CHOMOLUNGMA
- Chomolungma is known to be the highest point of land in the world. Since the end of the nineteenth century many attempts bad been made to conquer it. But it was only m 1953 that two members of the British expedition headed by Colonel J. Hunt succeeded in reaching the top.
- The first men to have done so were Hillary and Tenzing. Before this successful climb there had been ten other expeditions whose aim was to examine the mountain and to find a route.
- Naturally, climbing at a great height can hardly be considered easy. However, it is neither snow nor ice that are the greatest enemies. One of the serious difficulties that the climber meets with is a shortage of oxygen in the air, not to mention the climate lo which one has to adapt oneself.
- In early March 1953 the expedition arrived at the Capital of Nepal from which Chomolungma is 150 miles away. As there were no good roads, the journey had to be made on foot. A large number of porters were needed to carry the expedition’s supplies and equipment.
- To secure a safe ascent a number of camps and bases were set up all along the way to the top.
- The climbers were reported to have been walking up for sixteen days when at last they saw Chomolungma in front of them. But to reach the summit they had to pass a river of ice moving slowly along the valley. This was a regular wall of broken ice almost inaccessible for climbing.
- Being too tired to continue their way the courageous mountaineers stopped and set up the last camp so that the next morning they could complete their ascent. It was at this place that Hillary and Tenzing especially felt the thinness of the air. So during the night they were said to have been helped by a little oxygen which restored their strength.
- At dawn they started off notwithstanding pain, tiredness and great cold. Higher and higher the two men climbed, roped together. Each step forward needed a great effort of body and mind. They were seen to be moving step by step towards the glittering peak. Slow but sure. Sure of success in harnessing nature. At midday they stood on the summit of the great mountain. It was a victory won by hard effort of man and science.
V. Перечитайте первый абзац текста и ответьте на вопрос:
Who were the first men to succeed in reaching the top of Chomolungma?